Locomotive names of North America beginning with C

Steam locomotives with names beginning with C that have operated in North America:

Name Railroad, # Builder, s/n Build date Whyte type Notes
C. A. Cosgrave M&M 37 Breese Kneeland 1857 4-4-0 Became M&PDC #37 in 1861; rb 1867; became M&SP #107 in 1868; off roster by 1890.
C. A. Place M&SP 131 Taunton 443 10/1868 4-4-0 Ex-Geo. H. Benedict.
C. A. Wortendyke NYOW 71 Rogers 1856 1871 4-4-0 Transferred to NJ Midland 1874; sold to NYSW #2.
C. B. Robinson P&I 5 Rogers 1060 6/1862 4-4-0 To IP&C 1864; to WStL&P #505 1881; rb at Peru 1871
C. Bogardus LB&Mi 21 Baldwin 4448 10/1878 4-4-0  
C. C. Dennis SCNY 5 Rogers 1610 5/1869 4-4-0  
C. C. Dennison SCNY 55 Rogers 2096 11/1872 4-4-0  
C. C. Gilman IaC 12 Mason 387   4-4-0 Rb 2/1871; off roster by 1910.
C. D. Haven WU 25 Jersey City 1865 4-4-0 Became CM&SP #272 in 1879; off roster by 1899.
C. E. Detmold C&Pa 11 Winans 1859 0-8-0 Camelback; wrecked in river crash c. 1865; rebuilt 1870; scr 1893.
C. E. Durkee Adir 6 Schen 636 1870 4-4-0 Ex-#3 George Leavitt.
C. E. Dyer WU 6 Rogers 692 8/1856 4-4-0 Ex-R&M Savanna.
C. E. Houghton B&R 10 Brooks 185 1873 4-4-0 Ex-NYB&M #1.
C. F. Hatch M&StL 25 Baldwin 5223 8/1880 4-4-0 Rn 1910 #110; off roster between 1917 and 1932
C. F. Spaulding NLN 21 Manch 1873 4-4-0 Rn 1892 #171; scrapped 1899.
C. F. Stephens TT 40 Grant 1517 8/1882 4-4-0 NG; SG'ed 1887; sold 11/26/1887 to Gulf & Ship Island Ry.
C. F. Wells Jr. P&NY 203 Baldwin 1871 4-4-0  
C. G. Leresche WU 30 Taunton 558 5/1872 4-4-0 Became CM&SP #277 in 1879; rn #1239 in 1899; off roster 10/1900.
C. G. Lincoln B&R 4 Baldwin 1529 1866 4-4-0  
C. G. Patterson (1st) O&T 3 Porter 335 7/1879 4-4-0 Used to open the Canton extension 5/15/1880; pulled last train on Cleveland & Canton RR 11/18/1888; to NY Equip Co.
C. G. Patterson (2nd) O&T 8 Porter 385 8/1880 4-4-0 To NY Equip Co; to Roane Iron Co, Rockford, Tn.
C. G. Wicker SC&D 2 Schen 1869 4-4-0 Became CM&SP #328 in 1880; off roster by 1899.
C. H. Allen TT 66 Grant 1578 12/1883 2-6-0 NG; SG'ed 6/1888; sold 12/1/1902 to Texas & Louisiana Ry.
C. H. Baker CV Rhode Island 1883 4-4-0 renum 101 in 1900; scrapped 1922.
C. H. Bigelow SP&SC 3 Taunton 690 9/1878 4-4-0 Sold 1903 to Pan American Railway
C. H. Grant YV 21 Wabash 1881 4-4-0 Ex-Wabash #129; Bought by YV in 1906; named after the engineer who brought it to the YV and operated it for its career; scrapped 1946.
C. H. King DNW 4 Rhode 310 8/1871 4-4-0 Became CM&SP #293 in 1879; rn #1418 in 1899; rn #1404 in 1910; off roster 4/1913.
C. H. Pierce CV 97 Baldwin 10642 1890 2-6-0 No name until 2/1894; rn 1/1/1900 #326.
C. H. Prior M&SP 141 Danforth 1867 4-4-0 Off roster by 1899.
C. Holland NYHL&PCo Grant 1881 4-4-0  
C. J. McDonald M&W Rogers 83 5/1846 4-4-0  
C. J. McMaster B&R 9 Schen 564 1869 4-4-0 Ex-Mountain Girl.
C. K. Garrison SV 4 Globe 1849 4-4-0 Built as Elephant; bought 1856; rb 12/1/1869; rn 1868 2nd #1 Pioneer; scr 1886.
C. K. Holliday ATSF 0171 ATSF Topeka 1 1881 4-4-0  
C. K. Holliday Dis 1   1955    
C. Kahn TT 78 Rhode 1457 4/1884 2-6-0 NG; SG'ed 12/1887; sold 3/1901 to Texas & Louisiana Ry.
C. L. Sharman TT 71 Grant 1581 12/1883 2-6-0 NG; SG'ed 12/1888; sold 6/19/1901 to Sawyer & Austin Lbr Co.
C. L. Tracy T&B 3 Hinkley 1860 4-4-0 Became Fitchburg Railroad #136; rebuilt 1880; off roster between 1890 and 1895.
C. M. Donaldson TT 32 Grant 1509 8/1882 4-4-0 NG; SG'ed 1887; sold 12/1892 to Cotton Belt Lbr Co.
C. M. Seeley TT 37 Grant 1514 8/1882 4-4-0 NG; sold 5/7/1889 to Jefferson Lbr Co, Kildare, Tx.
C. M. Winkler H&TC 49 Rogers 2015 4/1872 4-4-0 Rn 2nd #14 by 1899; scr 1/1909.
C. N. Parker Jr. SP&P Pittsburgh 1870 4-4-0  
C. N. Scott OLtd 8 Baldwin 5748 8/1881 4-4-0 Ex-Portland.
C. O. Godfrey TT 80 Rhode 1459 4/1884 2-6-0 NG; SG'ed 1/1887; sold 2/1901 to Bluff City Lbr Co.
C. P. Huntington CP 3 Cooke 10/1863 4-2-4T C. P. Huntington Became SP #1 2/5/1871; now cosmetically restored at California State Railroad Museum.
More information: Wikipedia.
C. P. Utley MnC Hinkley 1867 4-4-0 May be serial number 748; became M&SP #65 in 1868; off roster by 1898.
C. P. Wurts D&HG 2 Cooke 1860 4-4-0 Sold to Dickson Loco Works 1874.
C. S. Abbott M&SV 1 Baldwin 3625 7/1874 2-6-0 Sold to Nevada Central #3 Anson P. Stokes 12/1879; sold to Utah Eastern #3 10/23/1880; rn 6/1885 #289; sold to Kirkpatrick Bros. & Collins Contractors c. 1899; sold to Cincinnati, Georgetown & Portsmouth Ry#3; Sold to Laurel Ry (Thayer Lumber Co., Tn.) #3 by 10/1911.
C. S. Longcope H&TC 33 Rogers   4-4-0  
C. S. Strong R&M Rogers 683 6/1856 4-4-0 May have been named C. S. Wright.
C. S. Wright R&M Rogers 683 6/1856 4-4-0 May have been named C. S. Strong. Became WU #4 F. Wild in 1867; became CM&SP #251 in 1879; scr 1890.
C. T. Bonner TT 44 Grant 8/1882 4-4-0 NG; SG'ed 1888; sold 4/1/1889 to Bodcaw Lbr Co, Stamps, Ar.
C. Vibbard USM Baldwin 1097 12/1862 4-4-0 Involved in an accident where it fell from the Long Bridge over the Potomac River; salvaged from the river and rb; s 1865 to Baltimore & Ohio Railroad.
C. W. Cartwright ChRR 19 Hinkley 1/1865 4-4-0 Became Fitchburg Railroad #219; off roster between 1890 and 1895.
C. W. Lightner P&B 1 National c. 8/1872 0-4-0T  
C. W. Moseley T&B 15 Schen 971 10/1875 4-4-0 Became Fitchburg Railroad #142; rn 1895 #48; off roster by 1899
C. W. Wentz A&S 18 Dickson 36 1868 4-4-0  
Cahuenga CaV Porter 1893 2-4-0  
Calcasieu LW 3 Baldwin 4619 4/1879 4-4-0 Rn 1885 #553; rn 1901 #132; sold 5/1906 to Indutrial Lumber Co., Beaumont, Texas.
Caldwell O&SW Hinkley 1008      
California SF&SJ 6 Union 1 1865 4-4-0 To SP #6; rn 1891 #1303; scr 5/20/1907 Los Angeles.
Calistoga CalP 3rd 2 Booth 10 5/1869 4-4-0 Rn 1891 #1115; sold 12/15/1896.
Calistoga NV Vulcan 1867 2-2-0  
Calkini FCUY 41 Baldwin 23714 2/1904 4-6-0 Scr 1950.
Callamer CP&A 3       S to Glen Mfg. Co., Glen, NH.; May have been the same loco as M&WR #6 Arthur Tandy.
Callicoon NYOW 63 Baldwin 3131 2/1873 2-6-0 Rb 12/1898 at Cooke as #116.
Calpulalpan Irolo 5 Baldwin 6537 12/1882 2-8-0 NG; became FCI (Mexico) #8 in 1889.
Calvin Putnam Ph&R 1 Portland 615 1890 0-4-4T Became SR&RL 7.
Calvin S. Brice TD&B 15 Mason 631 9/1880 0-6-6T T TC&SL #15 1881.
Cambria LC&M 10 Rogers 633 12/1855 4-4-0 Became M&SP #10 in 1863; off roster by 1898.
Cambridge FRR 11 Hinkley 161 4/1848 4-4-0 Off roster by 1884
Camel B&O Winans 55 1848 0-8-0 This engine is generally cited as the first camelback loco.
Camilla B&M Hinkley 205 1848 4-2-2 Operated on the Boston & Lowell for a time then was sold to the Newburyport & Georgetown. Sometimes listed as Camella.
Campeche FCUY 34 Baldwin 10590 1/1890 4-4-0 Ex-FCM&C #4; scr 1920.
Campgaw NYOW 87 Rhode 533 6/1873 4-4-0 Returned to Rhode Island Loco Works 1874; sold to NJ Midland #82; transferred to NYSW #12.
Canada CV 5 Amoskeag 1850 4-4-0 Rebuilt 9/24/1860; renamed to Vernon before July 1873.
Canada NLN 8 Manch 1867 4-4-0 Rn 1/1/1891 Block Island; rn 12/1890 #11; rn 8/1891 #161; transferred to CV #27.
Canandaigua R&Sy Rogers 260 4/1851 4-4-0  
Candelaria C&C 1 Baldwin 5285 1880 4-4-0 Sold 1907 to Eureka & Palisade #8.
Candelaria FCUY 55 Baldwin 9684 12/1888 4-4-0 Ex-FCM&P #5; scr.
Canon City ATSF 52 Baldwin 1872 4-4-0  
Cansahcab FCUY 40 Baldwin 23050 10/1903 4-6-0 Rn 1963 #270.
Canton O&T 4 Porter 355 1/1880 4-4-0 Wrecked 1883; scrapped 1885.
Capital M&WR 7 Rhode 3062 2/1895 2-6-0 In Woodsville roundhouse fire 5/15/1907; rb; s 1926 to White River RR #7; s 1933 to Rock of Ages #7; scr 1941.
Capitan Chiquito FCMYG 16 Rogers 4412 11/1890 4-4-0 Rn 1902 #54.
Capouse LG Rogers 278 9/1851 4-6-0  
Caracho FCDS 6 Rhode 938 5/1881 4-4-0  
Caratunk Som 1 Hinkley   4-4-0 Purchased used; replaced Somerset.
Carbon NPRR Baldwin 788 10/1857    
Carbon Run NCe 38 Swinburne 7/1858 4-4-0 Built for Sunbury & Erie RR.
Cardenas Juc Rogers 542 11/1854 4-4-0  
Carey MR&LE Rogers 177 6/1849 4-4-0  
Carlisle CH&D Rogers 318 5/1852 4-4-0  
Carlos Pocheco FCMYG 4 Rogers 4144 7/1889 4-4-0 Wrecked before 1902.
Carlos Pocheco MoRR 1        
Carr A&P 38 Manch 1040 1/1883 4-4-0  
Carrabassett Som 4     4-4-0  
Carrera M&Sa Rogers 237 11/1850 4-6-0  
Carrier CP 76 Rhode 50 4/1868 4-4-0 Rn 1891 #1274; rb 7/2/1873; scr 9/1899 Sac.
Carrier LNA&C 3 Norris 1851 4-4-0 Ex-NA&S Salem; rn Ceres.
Carroll Ca&O Novelty 1867 0-4-0T 58-inch gauge; used until 6/1874; may have been sold to the Bowling Green RR.
Carroll of Carrollton Bo&W Winans 1849 4-2-4 When built this engine had 7-ft cast iron drivers which failed after less than two months in service.
Carrollton CH&D Rogers 314 4/1852 4-4-0  
Carrollton O&T 13 Baldwin 5930 11/1881 2-8-0 To New York Equipment Co. 1889; became Sumpter Valley #7.
Carson CP 19 Cooke 12/1865 4-6-0 In Rocklin fire 11/27/1873; rb 12/26/1873; scr 1885.
Carson V&T 5 Baldwin 1947 1869 2-6-0 Sold 2/1883; became CanP 4 Savona.
Carter Braxton RF&P 622 Baldwin 72001 1945 4-8-4 Leased to C&O in 1955; Sold 10/1959 to Peck Iron & Metals.
Cascadnac (1st) CV 7 H & Drury 1849 4-4-0 Rebuilt 9/10/1858; renamed to Sheldon 2/1871.
Cascadnac (2nd) CV 35 Baldwin 1851 4-4-0 Sold 1881; ex-Michigan.
Cascapedia SL&A 1st 3 Brooks 2678 1896 4-6-0 Sold to New York Central as #2028.
Cassie PSE 1     4-4-0  
Catalina A. De Casasus FCUY 62 Baldwin 21935 4/1903 2-6-0 Ex-FCM&P #12; scr 1948.
Cataract C&NF Rogers 363 12/1852 4-4-0 6 ft gauge.
Cataraugus NY&E 19 Rogers 154 12/1848 4-4-0 6 ft gauge.
Catawba C&SC Rogers 309 3/1852 4-4-0  
Catawissa LSNR Bury 10   4-4-0 Inside connected; xf 1863 to P&R; sold 1871 to Amer. Dredging Co.
Cato SCNY 80 Rogers 2756 5/1881 2-6-0  
Cavendish R&B 14 Taunton 77 1851 4-4-0 Rb at Rutland 1865; S to Montreal & Plattsburg.
Cayuga A&Sy Rogers 14 10/1839 4-2-0  
Cayuga C&Su     4-6-0 May have been ex-Leggetts Gap Railroad Lackawanna.
Cayuga NY&H       May have been ex-Western Vermont RR Danby, but this is doubtful due to conflicting cylinder sizes.
Cayuga SCNY 15 Rogers 1761 8/1870 4-4-0  
Cedarburg M&N 1 Baldwin 2578 10/1871 4-4-0 Rn #16; became CM&SP #916 in 1893; rn #1276 in 1899; rn #1442 in 1910; rn #145 in 1913; off roster in 1913.
Cedral VC&RV 1        
Celaya FCCM 15 Rhode 992 8/1881 0-4-0 Rn 1902 #1010.
Centennial HE&WT 2 National 5/1876 4-4-0  
Centipede B&O Winans 1855 4-8-0 Built as cab forward; modified to camelback.
Centipede LV Winans 1854 4-8-0  
Ceres LNA&C 3 Norris 1851 4-4-0 Ex-Carrier; ex-NA&S Salem.
Chalk Creek D&RG 57 Baldwin 5021 1880 2-8-0  
Challenge E&KR 4 Baldwin 14738 1896 2-6-0  
Challenger UP 3985     4-6-6-4 This engine is now the largest operable steam engine in the world; it was given the name Challenger unofficially by members of the restoration crew and railfans since it is the only operable unit of its class; it is owned by Union Pacific's steam division in Cheyenne, Wyoming, and is used to power various specials across the system; it was present at Railfair '91 in Sacramento, California; Rebuilt to burn oil in 1990.
Chama D&RG 39 Baldwin 4871 1/1880 2-8-0  
Chamberlain T&R Taunton 162 1854 4-4-0 Rn Merritt Clark; became D&H #114.
Chamois CP 111 Rogers 1607 10/1868 4-4-0 Rn 1891 #1127.
Chamois W&JV 1 National 3/1873 0-6-0 S to D&RGW #2.
Champaign MR&LE Rogers 97 4/1847 4-4-0  
Champion CP 50 M & Aldus 10/1867 4-4-0 Rn 1891 #1176; rn 1901 #1209; scr 10/1902 Sac.
Champion LNA&C 17 NA&S NA   4-4-0 Ex-NA&S B. F. Masten.
Champion LV Winans 1856 4-8-0  
Champlain CV 13 H & Drury 1850 4-4-0 Rb 6/10/1868; rn 1/1870 Enosburgh.
Champlain FRR 15 Hinkley 208 11/1848 4-4-0 Scrapped by 1875
Champlain HR Taunton 12/1849 4-4-0 Between 12/1849 and 3/1851 it traveled 45,111 miles, averaging 2½¢ per mile for repairs, and consumed one cord of wood for every 30 miles; returned to Taunton in 1852; rb; s to New York & Harlem RR as Seneca.
Champlain (1st) O&LC 1st 24 H & Drury 236 5/1849 4-4-0  
Champlain (2nd) O&LC 2nd 14 Malone 1864 4-4-0 Renumbered #314; Scrapped 1886.
Champlain P&R Baldwin 1845    
Champlain R&S Baldwin 12 1835 4-2-0 Scrapped before 1857.
Chandler M&SP 73 Souther 1850 4-4-0 Ex-M&M #3 Menomonee.
Charles City M&SP 43 Menominee 1854 4-4-0 Ex-Mi&W Nebraska.
Charles Courter CP&C Mason 300 1/1869 4-4-0 To Chicago, Cincinnati & Louisville RR 1867; sold to Indianapolis, Peru & Chicago in 1871.
Charles F. Pond H&NH Rogers 322 6/1852 4-4-0  
Charles H. LSE 9 Rhode 1893 0-4-4T Restored 1996; preserved at the National Museum of Transport in St. Louis.
Charles Hugo GH&SA 56 Manch 903 9/1881 4-4-0 Off roster by 1885.
Charles McLaughlin SF&SJ 5 Cooke 1864 4-4-0 Rn San Mateo.
Charles Osgood NLN 19 Manch 1872 4-4-0 Rn 169; transferred to CV 22.
Charles R. Batt IRR 11 Baldwin 16642 4/1899 2-6-0 Became Detroit Southern #64.
Charles River M&WR     4-4-0 S to N. C. Munson, the contractor who built the M≀ This was the first loco to run over the completed line.
Charles Schreiner SA&AP 12 Baldwin 8291 12/1886 2-6-0 Rn 1908 #104; off roster by 1917.
Charles W. Kendall ST 2 Porter-B 148 1873 0-4-0T S 1879 to Nevada Central Ry #2.
Charleston M&N 6 Baldwin 2930 8/1872 4-4-0 Rn #21; became CM&SP #921 in 1893; rn #1296 in 1899; rn #1458 in 1910; rn #151 in 1913; off roster 6/1914.
Charlestown (1st) FRR Hinkley 20 11/1843 4-4-0 Sold 1848
Charlestown (2nd) FRR 17 Hinkley 215 12/1848 4-4-0 Off roster by 1890
Charlotte R&B 2 Taunton 50 4/1850 4-4-0 Rb at Rutland 10/1863; Scrapped 10/24/1878.
Charlotteburg NYOW 74 Rogers 1871 4-4-0 Transferred to NJ Midland 1874; sold to NYSW #4.
Charmer CP 154 Rhode 84 12/1868 4-4-0 Rn 1891 #1221; scr 1/2/1903 Sacramento.
Charter Oak H&NH Rogers 6 10/1838 4-2-0  
Chas. Alexander IaC 26 Mason 638 11/1880 4-4-0 Rn 1910 #104; became M&StL #160 in 1912; off roster by 1917
Chas. Clement R&B 17 (2nd) CV St Albans 1873 4-4-0 Ex-Central Vermont #24 Pacific; became Central Vermont #208.
Chas. Courter A&S 5 Cooke 8/1864 4-4-0  
Chas. Graham L&B 2 L&B Kingston 1871 4-4-0 Became DL&W #202 in 1886; rb 1887; rn 1889 #101; rn 1905 #135; wrecked 11/1905.
Chas. Hugo SA&AP 6 Baldwin 7766 12/1885 2-6-0 Rn 1908 #103; off roster by 1917.
Chas. Luling GH&SA 12 Manch 654 6/1874 4-4-0 Rn 1885 #691; rn 1901 #149; scr 8/31/1901.
Chas. McLaughlin SF&SJ 5 Cooke 4/1864 4-4-0 Rn San Mateo; to SP #5; rn 1891 #1112; scr before 1896.
Chas. Minot USM Jersey   4-4-0 Purchased new on April 10, 1863; s 1865 to Orange & Alexandria.
Chas. Moran NCO 4 Baldwin 9519 9/1888 2-8-0 Sold 2/1904 to Tonopah RR #3; sold 12/1905 to Sumpter Valley RR #3; out of service 9/1918; retired by 4/1930.
Chateaugay CO&I 7        
Chateguay (1st) O&LC 1st 13 H & Drury 234 4/1849 4-4-0  
Chateguay (2nd) O&LC 332 Mason 291 10/1868 4-4-0 Rn 1/1/1891 #332; ex-CV #64 Braintree; Scrapped 1895.
Chatham NY&H Rogers 214 5/1850 4-4-0  
Chautauque NY&E 28 Rogers 155 1/1849 4-4-0 6 ft gauge.
Chazy O&LC 1st 28 H & Drury 47 8/1845 4-2-0 Built for Colony RR as Mayflower; sold to Northern RR (New York); also listed as being owned by Montreal & Plattsburg under same name.
Chemung HR Cooke 1861 4-2-4T Inspection locomotive; built as Monitor.
Chenango NYOW 3 Rhode 103 4/1869 4-4-0 Sold 10/24/1887 to NY Loco Wks; sold 4/1888 to Centralia & Chester RR.
Cheney ATSF 57 Taunton 675 7/1876 4-4-0  
Cherokee SW Rogers 513 7/1854 4-4-0  
Chesapeake P&R R. Norris 3/1847 4-6-0 First 4-6-0 built in US.
Cheshire (1st) ChRR Hinkley 113 8/1847 4-4-0 Sold circa 1848
Cheshire (2nd) ChRR 5 Hinkley 158 3/1848 4-4-0 Ex-Vermont; off roster by 1872
Cheshire (3rd) ChRR 5 ChRR 8/1872 4-4-0 Became Fitchburg Railroad #205; off roster between 1890 and 1895
Cheshire (1st) NH&N Rogers 109 10/1847   Ordered by NH&N but diverted to NY&H as Mahopac
Cheshire (2nd) NH&N Rogers 115 12/1847 4-4-0  
Chester C&SC Rogers 240 12/1850 4-4-0  
Chester R&B 15 Taunton 48 1850 4-4-0 Inside connected; Rebuilt in 1868; transferred to the CV as #206; scrapped 9/1892; rn 1891 #206.
Cheyenne A&P 18 Rhode 946 3/1881 4-4-0  
Cheyenne KPDP 20 Rogers 1449 1867 4-4-0  
Chicago M&SP 162 Mason 476 10/1872 4-4-0 Rn #1281 in 1899; rn #1447 in 1910; off roster by 1913.
Chicago NYC 24     4-4-0 Inspection loco.
Chickasaw SW Rogers 516 8/1854 4-4-0  
Chico D&RG 80 Baldwin 5200 1880 2-8-0  
Chicopee NLN 4 Taunton 1850 4-4-0 Inside connected; scrapped 1890.
Chicosa D&RG 14 Baldwin 3809 1876 2-6-0  
Chief M&I Rogers 286 10/1851 4-4-0  
Chieftan NCe 23 Stephenson 151 8/1838 2-4-0 Rb as 4-4-0.
Chihuahua FCCM 32 Rhode 1091 1/1882 0-4-0 Rn 1901 #1011.
Chilton M&N 5 Baldwin 2927 8/1872 4-4-0 Rn #20; became CM&SP #920 in 1893; rn #1295 in 1899; off roster by 1910.
Chiriqui Pan Portland   0-4-0  
Chittaloosa V&J Baldwin 411 1/1851 4-4-0 Off roster between 1871 and 1874.
Choctaw KPDP 17 Rogers 1425 1867 4-4-0  
Choctaw SW Rogers 515 8/1854 4-4-0  
Choctaw V&J A & Souther 1852 4-4-0 (?) Ex-Pelahachie; scr 1866.
Chona MRR 4 Baldwin 17696 4/1900 2-6-2T  
Chris. Adams NOO&GW Rogers 421 9/1853 4-4-0 Became ML&T #15; rn 1885 #515; off roster 1890s.
Churchill C&C 4 Baldwin 5782 1881 4-4-0 Sold 1929 to Nevada County Narrow Gauge #7.
Cienfuegos Cien Rogers 227 9/1850 4-4-0  
Cincinnati LMRR Rogers 56 6/1844 4-2-2  
Cincinnati SC Vulcan 1835 4-2-0 Scr 1850.
Citas FCUY 29 Baldwin 18265 10/1900 4-4-0 Ex-M&V #9; scr 1949.
City of Prescott P&AC 3 Rogers 3815 9/1887 4-6-0 Sold 1891 to Atlantic & Pacific RR #99; off roster by 1900.
City of Winona SP&C 8 Taunton 540 9/1871 4-4-0 Became M&SP #177 in 1872; rn #1268 in 1899; rn #1436 in 1910; off roster in 1911.
Clackamas O&C 4 Baldwin 2145 5/1870 4-4-0 Rn 1891 #1173; rn 1901 #1203; sold 7/9/1905 to McGoldrick Lumber Co #1.
Clarendon R&B 10 Taunton 66 3/1851 4-4-0 Scr 1874
Clark MR&LE Rogers 101 7/1847 4-4-0  
Clark NC 1 (2nd) Baldwin 5569 4/1881 2-6-0 Scr 1938.
Clarke AL&H Mason 90   4-4-0 Captured by US Federal forces in 1862; transferred to US Military Railroad; returned to AL&H in 1865.
Claus KW&H 1 (3rd) Baldwin   0-4-2T  
Cleveland CC&C Cuyahoga 1 3/1850    
Cleveland NYC 30     4-4-0 New York Central's inspection locomotive ClevelandInspection locomotive.
Cleveland O&T 14 Porter 468 12/1881 4-4-0 S 1889 to NY Equipment Co.; sold to Pine Bluff & Eastern.
Cliff House F&CH 7 Baldwin 9756 1889 2-4-2T S to Shasta Lumber Co. #7; wrecked and remains left on line.
Cliffsdale NYOW 97 Rhode 543 7/1873 2-6-0 Scrapped 1893.
Clifton C&NF Rogers 367 1/1853 4-4-0 6 ft gauge.
Climax CP 51 M & Aldus 10/1867 4-4-0 Rn 1891 #1177; scr 12/20/1898.
Clinton L&NF Rogers 3 4/1838 4-2-0  
Clinton Mo&P Amoskeag 61 1852 4-4-0  
Clinton NYOW 28 Rhode 308 9/1871 0-4-0 Sold 6/1881 to CM&StP.
Clinton PRR 13 Baldwin 1850 4-4-0  
Clipper CP 96 M & Aldus 6/1868 4-4-0 Rn 1891 #1165; in Rocklin roundhouse fire 11/27/1873; rb 2/28/1874; sold 8/1892.
Clipper LNA&C 32 M & Richardson 1859 4-4-0  
Cloud MWCR 5     0-4-0 Cloud sometime before 1876
Cloverdale SF&NP 6 Grant 1878 4-4-0 Became NWP #11; scr 5/15/1912.
Clyde MR&LE Rogers 390 4/1853 4-4-0  
Cochetope D&RG 29 Baldwin 4336 1878 2-6-0  
Cochituate B&A 151 Rhode 1869 4-4-0 renamed Berkshire; renumbered 270; became NYC 1224; rn 31
Coe Adams F&K 1 Cooke 838 3/1874 4-4-0  
(Coffee Grinder) SF&NP 99 E Jardini 1887 0-4-0T Became NWP #99; s 2/18/1910 to North Bend Lumber Co.
Cohoes A&N 5 Schen 41 1853 4-4-0  
Col. A. I. Wilcox B&FB 2 Baldwin 4370 1878   Two-drivered monorail loco.
Col. Barnard M&PDC 53 Rogers 1374 6/1866 4-4-0 Became M&SP #124 in 1868; off roster by 1899.
Col. Boone D&RG 101 Baldwin 5441 1881 4-4-0  
Col. Chitty CPIC 2 Dickson 127 10/1873 2-6-0  
Col. Crocker M&SP 143 Danforth 1867 4-4-0 Rn #1207 in 1899; off roster by 11/1901.
Col. Davis LC&M 24 Lawrence 1857 4-4-0 Ex-M&M 8/1860; became M&SP #24 in 1863; off roster by 1892.
Col. DeWitt No&W Rogers 100 5/1847 4-4-0  
Col. Fairbanks SJ&LC 629 Rogers 1880 4-4-0 Col. Fairbanks
Col. J. F. Carter P&B 2 National c. 10/1872 2-6-0 Rb 6/1873.
Col. Merrill   Manch 899 6/1881 4-4-0 Ex-GH&SA #52 J. H. Kamonman.
Col. R. M. Hough Ch&P 1 Rogers 2036 6/1872 4-4-0 Became CM&SP #332 in 1880; off roster by 1899.
Col. Teague MWCR 10 MWCR 1972 0-2-2-0  
Col. Williams Mo&P Taunton 87 1851 4-4-0 Ex-Rutland & Washington; Became D&H #110.
Colchester CV 49 CV Northfield 9/1865 4-4-0 scrapped 1895.
Collett NC 5 Baldwin 3843 3/1876 4-4-0 Bought 1/1880.
Colo-Chiquito D&RG 82 Baldwin 5374 1880 2-8-0  
Colon Pan Portland 136 1865 0-4-0  
Colonel Beckwith USM Norris   4-4-0 Ex-P. H. Watson; acquired new on 6/23/1863; sold 1865 to B&O.
Colonel D. C. McCallum USM Jersey 1862 4-4-0  
Colonel Merrill R&B 23 Amoskeag 3/1853 4-4-0 Ex-Timothy Follett; rb 1882.
Colorado ATSF 33 Mason 456 5/1872 4-4-0  
Colorado C&C 2 Baldwin 5428 1881 4-4-0 Scrapped 1907.
Colorado KPDP 26 Baldwin 1698 1868 4-4-0  
Colorado Springs ATSF 45 Baldwin 3831 2/1876 4-4-0  
Colossus CP 44 M & Aldus 8/1867 4-6-0 Rn 1891 #1530, #1060; In Rocklin fire 11/27/1873; rb 1/24/1874; scr 12/31/1910 Sac.
Columbia   Baldwin 4 1834    
Columbia (demo) Baldwin 13350 1893 2-4-2  
Columbia HR Lowell 7/1852 4-4-0 When built, this unit had 7-ft tall drivers and both inside & outside frames (four extra bearings per axle) in case an axle broke.
Columbia M&HR Rogers 34 11/1841 4-4-0  
Columbia M&WR 450 Lima 450 1893 2T Shay Ex-Barre RR; s 7/1897 to Hardwick & Woodbury RR #1 E. H. Blossom; used by B&M for construction of Concord & Manchester Street Ry; s c. 1918 to Southern Iron & Equip Co.
Columbus BBB&C Hinkley 1857 4-4-0 sold 7/1870 to GH&SA #2; off roster by 1882.
Columbus C&NW 400 Schen 1893 4-6-0  
Columbus LC&M Swinburne 1856 4-4-0 Became M&SP #33 in 1863; rb 1866; off roster by 1899.
Columbus Mi&W Menominee 1854 4-4-0 Transferred to LC&M in 1856; became M&SP #45 in 1863; off roster by 1888.
Columbus Musc Rogers 430 10/1853 4-4-0 Originally built for the Western & Atlantic Railroad but diverted to the Muscogee Railroad.
Columbus V&T 17 CP Sac 5 1873 4-4-0 Scrapped 1913.
Columbus --- Winans 1837   First US export loco.
Com. Perry P&W Rogers 108 10/1847 4-4-0  
Comanche A&P 12 Taunton 767 1/1881 4-4-0  
Comanche KPDP 19 Rogers 1446 1867 4-4-0  
Comanche SF&SJ 4 Cooke 4/1864 4-4-0 Ex-A. H. Houston.
Comet B&E Rogers 560 1/1855 4-4-0  
Comet LNA&C 22 Hinkley 402 9/1852 4-4-0 Ex-NA&S Greencastle.
Comet LSNR Bury 6   4-4-0 Inside connected; wrecked.
Comet P&R Milner c. 1837    
Comet TC&D West Point 1835   First US built loco with iron frame.
Commercial V&J Baldwin 48 9/1836 4-2-0 Ex-Mazeppa; listed sometimes as 0-6-0; off roster by 5/1866; listed in Railway & Locomotive Historical Society bulletin #101 as Commercial RR.
Commodore USM Jersey   4-4-0 Purchased new on May 16, 1863; s 1865 to Wilmington & Weldon Railroad.
Commodore Garrison GH&SA 26 Mason 570 12/1876 0-6-6T Ex-GH&SA #24 H. B. Stone before rb by Mason; off roster by 1884.
Commodore Vanderbilt R&S 37 Schen 629 1870 4-4-0 Builder's photo of the Commodore Vanderbilt To D&H #132; rn 416; off roster by 1902.
The image description page at the Library of Congress website for this picture notes this locomotive as built by Alco in 1870 and owned by the Hudson River Railroad. However, Alco wasn't formed until 1901, so I believe this image actually shows this locomotive built by Schenectady Locomotive Works (which became Alco's main manufacturing plant).
Como G&CU Chicago 4/1855    
Competitor P&Oq Latham 1854 4-4-0  
Compound CM&SP 830     4-6-2  
Comstock V&T 6 Baldwin 2094 1870 2-6-0 Sold 8/1881 to Oregon Ry & Nav. Co.
Comyn NCO 6 Baldwin 17124 10/1899 4-6-0 Rn 1910 3rd #4; sold 9/1/1929 to SP #4; scr 9/12/1934.
Concepcion Hor 3 Baldwin 21823 3/1903 2-6-0 Sold 9/1909 to Godchaux Sugar Company; became Elm Hall & Foley Railroad #7.
Concinillas FCCM 40 Taunton 830 1/1882 4-4-0  
Concord FRR 8 Hinkley 135 12/1847 4-4-0 Off roster by 1884
Concord No&W Rogers 17 12/1839 4-2-0  
Conewago HJH&G 1 Norris 12/1853 4-4-0 Acquired 4/1855 from the Philadelphia & Sunbury; off roster by 1905
Confucius CP 77 Rhode 51 4/1868 4-4-0 Rn 1891 #1202; scr 1/13/1897 Sac.
Congress CGCo 1 Brooks 2679 7/1896 0-6-0 First oil burner built by Brooks.
Conhocton V&J Baldwin 158 8/1840 4-2-0 Off roster by 5/1866; listed in Railway & Locomotive Historical Society bulletin #101 as Commercial RR.
Conkal FCUY 21 Baldwin 6478 11/1882 4-4-0 Ex-M&V #1; scr 1903.
Conkling A&Sy Rogers 183 8/1849 4-4-0  
Connecticut H&NH Rogers 112 11/1847 4-4-0  
Connecticut Hou Rogers 88 10/1846 4-4-0  
Conness (, John) CP 6 Mason 153 2/1864 4-6-0 First unit built for freight use in the US; built as Arctic; scr 9/30/1908 Sac.
Connotton (1st) O&T 2 National 1875 4-4-0 To New York Equip Co 1889; to Fremont, Elkhorn & Missouri Valley.
Connotton (2nd) O&T 15 Porter 473 1/1882 4-4-0 A. W. Conger was the designated engineer of this unit; sold 1889 to NY Equipment Co.
Consolidation LV 63 Baldwin 7/1866 2-8-0 This engine was the origin for the class name Consolidation; ordered by the Lehigh & Mahanoy RR, but delivered to the Lehigh Valley RR after the merger; it was first tested under steam on July 20, 1866, and shipped on August 17; reboilered in 5/1875; ret 1886.
Constantia NYOW 18 Rhode 188 6/1870 4-4-0 Sold 10/26/1887 to NY Loco Wks; sold 4/1888 to Centralia & Chester RR.
Coolidge A&P 41 Hinkley 1531 6/1882 2-8-0  
Coolidge ATSF 70 Hinkley 1878 4-4-0  
Coos A&StL     4-4-0 Coos, c. 1856 in Longueuil, Quebec
Copper Gulch D&RG 43 Baldwin 4942 1/1880 2-8-0  
Copperhead CoRR 1st 9 Porter 1735 3/1897 0-4-4T Retired 1922; rb 1937 for display at Clifton, Ariz.
Cordova WU 20 Baldwin 1381 5/1865 4-4-0 Ex-NI Gen. Grant.
Cornelius Ennis G&RR        
Cornelius Ennis H&TC 75 Dickson 194 9/1876 4-4-0 Rn 1901 #7.
Corsair SRR Baldwin 970 10/1860 4-4-0 Off roster after 1877.
Corsair W&A Rogers 358 12/1852 4-4-0  
Cortez D&RG 4 Baldwin 2566 1871 2-4-0  
Cortland SCNY 35 Mason 431 10/1871 4-4-0  
Cottonwood D&RG 53 Baldwin 5006 1880 2-8-0  
Countess of Dufferin CanP 1 Baldwin 2660 1872 4-4-0 Countess of Dufferin First loco in Western Canada; Ex-NP #56; bought by Joseph Whitehead 10/9/1877; to CanP in 1883; rn 1883 #151; sold 1897; s CanP 1910; stood for a time in Sir William Whyte Park, Winnipeg; now preserved at the Winnipeg Railway Museum.
More information: Wikipedia.
Courier LNA&C 2 Norris 6/1850 4-4-0 Ex-NA&S 1st Providence.
Courser CP 107 Rogers 1601 9/1868 4-4-0 Rn 1891 #1125; sold by 1896.
Courtland NYOW 78 Rhode 430 9/1872 2-6-0 Rn 2nd #68 1873; renamed Utica.
Crane CP 144 Schen 519 10/1868 4-4-0 Rn 1891 #1148; rb air brakes 4/24/1874; scr 1891.
Crawford NYOW 38 Baldwin 2646 12/1871 4-4-0 Rn 2/2/1879 2nd #28.
Crawfordsville NA&S Norris 1851 4-4-0 Became LNA&C #10 Rattler in 1859.
Crestones D&RG 50 Baldwin 4992 1880 2-8-0  
Cricket LV LV 1870 2-2-2T  
Cromwell (1st) EBT 4 Baldwin 3578 5/1874 2-8-0 Wrecked; rb by Baldwin 1875; off roster by 1895.
Cromwell (2nd) EBT 2nd 4 Baldwin 19849 12/1901 4-6-0 Retired 1927; off roster by 12/1943.
Crook A&P 37 Manch 1039 1/1883 4-4-0  
Croton HR Lowell 91 1851 4-4-0 Made its first run on July 24, 1851; pulled a 90-ton train between New York City & Poughkeepsie at an average speed of 40 mph; became NYC 10 after merger in 1869; in svc until 1877; may have been cannibalised for 2nd #10.
Crown Point CPIC 5 Dickson 425 5/1883 2-6-0 Became CO&I #13.
Cuautitlan MT&C 1        
Cuba M&Sa Rogers 550 12/1854 4-6-0 Named after construction by 3/6/1855.
Cucharas D&RG 11 Baldwin 3021 1873 2-6-0  
Culebra D&RG 35 Baldwin 4738 1879 4-4-0  
Cumberland   H & Drury 1 1840    
Cumberland (1st) C&Pa 18 Norris 1865 0-8-0 Rebuilt as 0-10-0; off roster by 1888.
Cumberland (2nd) C&Pa 30 Winans   0-8-0 Built for Eckhart Branch; acquired 1870; off roster by 1873.
Cumberland NWis 1 Pittsburgh   4-6-0  
Cumberland PRR Baldwin 12/1852 2-6-0 This engine's leading, non-powered axle was permanently attached to the engine's rigid frame, making it not a true mogul class engine; rb as 4-6-0 c. 1863.
Cumbres D&RG 406 Baldwin 7/1881 2-8-0 Narrow gauge C-16; became D&RGW 346; now at Colo. State RR Museum.
Current Creek D&RG 48 Baldwin 4984 1880 2-8-0  
Curtiss Mann M&SP 158 Mason 470 9/1872 4-4-0 Off roster by 1893.
Cuttingsville R&B 11 Ballard-Vale 9/1849 4-4-0 Ex-Redbird.
Cuyler NYOW 101 Rhode 547 8/1873 2-6-0 Sold 6/12/1911.
Cyrus K. Holliday Dis 1     4-4-0 In operation at Disneyland

Photo credits

  • C. P. Huntington - Wikipedia's image description page (retrieved October 16, 2008) asserts that as this photograph was taken in 1888, it is now in the public domain.
  • Cleveland - Cropped from a scan of the original photograph available through the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division website.  The image description page for this photograph (retrieved July 16, 2009) asserts that there are "no known restrictions on publication."
  • Cloud (MWCR) - The image description page (retrieved October 23, 2008) for this image on Wikimedia Commons asserts that this image is in the public domain because it was first published in the United States before 1923.
  • Col. Fairbanks - Cropped from a scan of the original photograph in the collection of Norb & Marie Novocin of Estate Auctions, Inc. I believe this image is in the public domain because it was first published in the US before 1923.
  • Commodore Vanderbilt - Cropped from an image available through the Prints and Photographs Reading Room website of the Library of Congress. Neither the image description page nor the catalog record list any restrictions on reproduction. I believe this image is in the public domain because it was first published in the US before 1923.
  • Coos - Wikimedia Commons' image description page (retrieved October 22, 2008) asserts that since this photograph was taken c. 1856, it is now in the public domain due to its age.
  • Countess of Dufferin - Wikipedia's image description page (retrieved October 16, 2008) asserts that this image was uploaded and released into the public domain by its creator.